3 Steps to a Stronger JSA

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A job safety analysis (JSA) is a tool we use to identify hazards and eliminate them before they occur. It’s a tool that can save a coworker’s life and even your own life. A great JSA can impress a client and result in fewer injuries and illnesses.


When it comes to writing a strong JSA, the following tips can help:

1.       Identify the Real Hazards

2.       Show ALL of the Steps

3.       Control the Hazards

1.       Identify the Real Hazards

Identifying the true hazards in a job may be the most difficult part. People tend to become content with the space they work in. When we do an action a hundred times and never get hurt, it gives us a false sense of safeness. We stop thinking about these actions as hazards and start putting them on the backburner when it comes to safety.

However, when identifying the real hazards of a job, we must put the feeling of complacency aside and ask ourselves questions like: “What could hurt me?” or “What are the consequences if something does happen?”

"Don't get complacent - get the conversation started. Get people involved."

Look at the perspective as if it was “Bring your kids to work day”. What do you see as a danger for your kids? What would you not let them touch or even go close to? Everything you just thought of are hazards and even though you might not think of some of these things as dangers to yourself, they still are.

So then how do we find all of real and true hazards? Don’t get complacent - get the conversation started. Get people involved. Everyone should be a part of the JSA process. A new employee may see a hazard others have become accustomed to and more experienced workers can use their knowledge of past incidents they have run into.

2.      Show ALL of the Steps

A great JSA will have all of the steps thoroughly explained out. From the largest to the smallest steps, they all should be listed. Some actions often get learned into our muscle memory from doing them so often and we forget that these are their own individual steps.

Think as if you were writing a “How-To” on making a peanut butter and jelly sandwich to someone completely new to the concept and you can’t forget ANY steps. First, you would mention to get out all of the ingredients and utensils and where to get them: peanut butter from the pantry, jelly from the fridge, bread from the bread box, a plate from the cabinet, and a butter knife from the utensil drawer. Next, you’ll have to explain specifically how to use these items: “Open the peanut butter jar, use the butter knife to get a dollop of peanut butter, pick up one slice of bread, spread the peanut using the butter knife…”

As we start to think about every individual step, we realize that there is a lot to go through for such a simple task. Some of these steps might seem tedious, but it is simply because in our minds this is common knowledge. In our minds, of course the peanut butter should be spread using a butter knife. But to someone who is completely new to the concept, this might be a tool they wouldn’t think to use.

Now let’s apply this same “step-by-step” concept to something more work related, such as changing a light bulb properly. Does everyone know all of the true steps to this task? Do they know to ensure the power is turned off, locked out, and tagged out? Do they know to get the correct ladder for the job, checking that it will sustain the weight being held and will reach the appropriate height? Do they know to ensure the ladder is on stable ground and that they need to keep 3 points of contact at all times while on the ladder? All of these steps need to be written for there to be no doubt in this employee’s mind that they are doing everything correctly to complete this task.

3.      Control the Hazards

Once the hazards are identified, it must be discussed on how to control/eliminate them. Sometimes we make the mistake of thinking that once the hazard is found, it is automatically fixed. But steps must be taken in order to address the hazard.

When addressing a hazard, all three controls must be thought about: engineering, administrative, and personal protective equipment (PPE). Engineering controls are the most effective because they change the physical work environment or machine to better protect the employee. If this step cannot be done, use administrative controls to reduce the worker’s exposure to the hazard through training, planning, and scheduling. PPE should be used as an additional control when the other two forms cannot omit the hazard enough. PPE includes used items such as safety glasses, gloves, face guards, etc.

When thinking through how to control the hazards, everyone should be involved in the process. As discussed earlier, new and also more seasoned employees can present interesting points. So get the conversation started and check that everyone feels comfortable stating their opinions and asking questions.

A lot goes into creating a JSA, but it is all worth it to see less injuries and illnesses to your team. Hopefully, taking the above tips into account will help to create a strong JSA that will help to both save lives and impress clients.


What other tips do you use to write your strongest JSA?

Leave a comment below! 

3 Characteristics of an Admirable Safety Leader


In our last blog, 5 Steps to Building a Safety Culture, we focused on what elements are needed to build a lasting and effective safety culture within a company. It was suggested that the elements of culture tend to have a trickle-down effect, meaning that employees tend to follow their supervisor’s actions.

Therefore, it is important that a supervisor carries themselves as a true safety leader. After looking into our resources at True Safety, we have compiled what we believe to be the 3 most important characteristics that make up a truly admirable safety leader:

1.      Willingness to Work

2.      Communication

3.      Sincerity

1. Willingness to Work

…when it comes to safety, there are no titles.

The first main characteristic of focus is the leader’s willingness to work. Not only does a great safety leader know the value of a good work ethic, but they also share the view that they are not above other employees. No matter what title a leader is given, they are willing to do any task within the company to help the group succeed as a whole. These individuals realize that when it comes to safety, there are no titles. Instead, there is just one unified mission: to make it home safely.

2. Communication

A great safety leader knows how to communicate effectively among different types of people. Taking the personalities of different employees into account is extremely important. Using this information to gauge how the leader communicates with their group can make a huge difference in how the information is received.

3. Sincerity

…these leaders are making an investment in their employees…

Admirable safety leaders are sincere safety leaders. They have a nice and considerate way about them that makes them easy to respect and get along with. These leaders truthfully care about the people they work with. Their goal is not only to ensure all of their employees get home safely day after day, but also to constantly be sharing their knowledge to help their employees grow into impressive safety leaders themselves. In doing so, these leaders are making an investment in their employees in order to not only help them succeed, but to also help the group and company as a whole flourish.

Becoming a successful safety leader is hard work and takes practice. They have to be willing to work hard, able to communicate effectively, and show their sincerity through the knowledge they share.


 Which characteristics on our list would you agree with? Which would you change or add?


We would love to hear your opinions! Comment below!

5 Steps to Building a Safety Culture

Creating a culture within companies is growing in importance to all industries. Safety culture is no different.

Merriam-Webster defines culture as, “the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution or organization.”  

When it comes to creating a successful safety culture, confirming that each of these components just stated are present is extremely important.


Here are the top 5 tips on how to get each of these components into your company and create a successful safety culture:

1.       Build Trust

2.       Provide Training

3.       Provide Communication Channels

4.       Lead by Example

5.       Celebrate Successes


Now let’s break each step down individually.


1.    Build Trust

Step one to developing any relationship is to build trust between the parties. Employees should feel that they can go to their supervisor if an incident occurs or if they see something that may be a safety hazard. Encouraging them to inform a supervisor in either of these cases is a vital part of having a successful safety culture. For instance, if the employees do not feel comfortable reporting a near miss, this mishap may be repeated in the future and turn into a more serious occurrence later on.


2.    Provide Training

"...world-class teams are dedicated to continuous learning."

Training provides employees with safety tools and resources. These resources are just as important as any of the other tools used to complete a job. They enable employees to correctly identify a potential safety hazard and know what the next step in preventing further danger is. When training is lacking from a company, it is more likely problems will arise. Remember, world-class teams are dedicated to continuous learning.


3.    Provide Communication Channels

It is important that employees know how to report a safety issue and that it will be addressed appropriately. Make sure the channels of communication for reporting a problem is completely clear to employees; they should know exactly who they are to inform about a concern. After the concern is expressed, the employee should feel confident that it will be handled in a positive and complete manner, making sure to investigate the entire issue.

Making the workplace an open area for sharing ideas about safety should also be practiced.


4.    Lead by Example

“The elements of culture tend to have a trickle-down effect.”

Culture is something that engulfs the totality of a company and, therefore, is a commitment that should be taken on by the entire team. The elements of culture tend to have a trickle-down effect. This means that employees will gauge their goals and how they handle situations at work on how their supervisors do. If an employee’s supervisor fails to correct a reported hazard, it is likely that the employee will not be concerned with reporting hazards anymore because no action is taken to resolve the issue. Creating a true and complete safety culture means going beyond the programs and policies with meaningful actions.


5.    Celebrate Successes

Keeping safety at the forefront of goals set for a company is extremely important. As previously stated, it takes an entire company to successfully attain these goals. Therefore, when these objectives are reached, it is important to celebrate the company and all of the employees within it. Acknowledging what the company has done and setting higher sites for the future can help to ensure that the company will continue succeeding and gaining triumphs that previously seemed difficult to obtain.


These 5 steps are simple, but necessary to gaining a complete and true safety culture within a company. Following them will ensure all of the correct elements are in place for letting a company go beyond their goals and keeping their employees safe.


What techniques are you using to create a safety culture within your company? Comment below!